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francis i holy roman emperor

12/8/1708; d. 8/18/1765, Holy Roman emperor from Sept. 13, 1775; he was duke of Lorraine (as Francis Stephen) from 1729 … The Emperor considered other possibilities (such as marrying her to the future Charles III of Spain) before announcing the engagement of the couple. Francis was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, where his father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. From 1728 until 1737 he was Duke of Lorraine. In 1737, Lorraine became managed by France under terms resulting from the War of the Polish Succession. Fran­cis was a son of Em­peror Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daugh­ter of Charles III of Spain. Francis I was the Holy Roman Emperor who along with his wife founded the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Napoleon defeated the Third Coalition at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805. Omissions? Maria Theresa secured in the Treaty of Füssen his election to the Empire on 13 September 1745, in succession to Charles VII, and she made him co-regent of her hereditary dominions. Although fighting stopped after the preliminary peace, the final peace settlement had to wait until the death of the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone in 1737, to allow the territorial exchanges provided for by the peace settlement to go into effect. They married on February 12 in the Augustinian Church, Vienna. From 1723 Francis, whose dynasty in Lorraine was closely connected with the Austrian Habsburgs, lived at the Viennese court of the Holy Roman emperor Charles VI. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. You will receive each autograph with a fine certificate of authenticity with a unique identification number. Emperor Charles VI favored the family, who, besides being his cousins, had served the house of Austria with distinction. The (secret) treaty between the Emperor and Francis was signed on May 4, 1736. Francis was quite the philanderer and was known for his many indiscreet affairs, notably one with Maria Wilhelmina, Princess of Auersperg, who was thirty years his junior. On Leopold Clement's death, Charles adopted the younger brother as his future son-in-law. Although nominally outranking his wife, Maria Theresa, archduchess of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia, the capable but easygoing … In June 1732 he agreed to go to Pressburg. He was King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. (Francis I, b. Francis I (Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) [1] was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions.With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. He had a natural fund of good sense and brilliant business capacity and was a useful assistant to Maria Theresa in the laborious task of governing the complicated Austrian dominions, but he was not active in politics. Francis I was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife, Maria Theresa, effectively executed the real powers of those positions. etc. Francis was well content to leave the wielding of power to his able wife. 10. From the personal collection of Maestro Raymond Leppard (1927-2019). On December 17, 1738 the couple traveled south, accompanied by his brother Charles to visit Florence for three months. He assumed the title of Emperor of Austria in response to the coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French.Soon after Napoleon created the Confederation of the Rhine, Francis abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor. During the war he was elected Holy Roman emperor after the death of the emperor Charles VII (the elector Charles Albert of Bavaria), who was one of his wife’s chief adversaries. ; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor from 1792 to 1806 and, as Francis I, the first Emperor of Austria from 1804 to 1835. He was a member of the Freemasons. Role Title Holding Repository; creatorOf: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1708-1765. Francis II was the last Holy Roman Emperor. Though he had a happy child­hood sur­rounded by his many siblings, his fam­ily knew Fran­cis was likely to be a fu­ture Em­peror (his uncle Joseph had no sur­viv­ing issue from ei­ther of his two mar­riages), and so in 1784 the young Arch­duke was sent to the Im­pe­r­ial Co… At the age of 15, when he was brought to Vienna, he was established in the Silesian Duchy of Teschen, which had been mediatized and granted to his father by the emperor in 1722. Francis I., Emperor of Austria', circa 1804, . Maria Theresa mourned his death throughout the 15 years by which she survived him. In 1744 Francis' brother Charles married a younger sister of Maria Theresa, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1718–1744). Britannica now has a site just for parents! From 1728 until 1737 he was Duke of Lorraine, but lost Lorraine when he had to give it to France. Portret van Frans van Lotharingen (Frans I), … Media in category "Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 41 files are in this category, out of 41 total. He also served as the first president of the German Confederationfollo… Autograph signature to letter : Vienna, to Valerio Publicola of Santa Cruz, 1763 Mar. Desc: Charles VII was the Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. found: Ency. He was connected with the Habsburgs through his grandmother Eleonor, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III, and wife of Charles Leopold of Lorraine, his grandfather. In March 1736 the Emperor persuaded Francis, his future son-in-law, to secretly exchange Lorraine for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. The last Holy Roman Empress and the first Empress of Austria by marriage to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. Heavily indebted and on the verge of bankruptcy at the end of the seven years war, the Austrian Empire was in a better financial condition than France or England in the 1780s. The influence of Francis in government was inconsiderable except in economic matters. However, his wife left him in charge of the financial affairs, which he managed well until his death. Maria Theresa and Francis I had sixteen children—their youngest daughter was the future queen consort of France, Marie Antoinette (1755–1793). Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife, Maria Theresa, effectively executed the real powers of those positions. He assumed the title of Emperor of Austria in response to the coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French. Francis II (German: Franz II. Fran­cis was born in Flo­rence, the cap­i­tal of Tus­cany, where his fa­ther reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. He was officially succeeded by his eldest son Joseph II although the real power remained with his wife. ; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor from 1792 to 1806 and, as Francis I, the first Emperor of Austria from 1804 to 1835. Not to be confused with Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, later styled Francis I as Emperor of Austria. If something were to go wrong, Francis would become governor of the Austrian Netherlands. They were the founders of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. In 1731 he was initiated into freemasonry (Grand Lodge of England) at a specially convened lodge in The Hague at the house of the British Ambassador, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. Francis I, (born Dec. 8, 1708, Nancy, Duchy of Lorraine—died Aug. 18, 1765, Innsbruck, Austria), Holy Roman emperor from Sept. 13, 1745; he was duke of Lorraine (as Francis Stephen) from 1729 to 1735 and grand duke of Tuscany from 1737. Once elected, Charles V demanded that Francis give up Milan, which he proclaimed was an imperial fief. Although nominally outranking his wife, Maria Theresa, archduchess of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia, the capable but easygoing Francis always was overshadowed by her strong personality. In January 1737, the Spanish troops withdrew from Tuscany, and were replaced by 6,000 Austrians. Born to Leopold II of Tuscany, he became the heir to Joseph II, the Holy Roman Emperor, who was his uncle. Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; Scots: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) wis Haly Roman Emperor an Grand Duke o Tuscany, thou his wife effectively executit the real powers o those poseetions.Wi his wife, Maria Theresa, he wis the foonder o the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Coat of Arms of Francis I - Holy Roman Emperor 1745-1765. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. etc. He also ruled as Francis I, the Emperor of Austria, and as Francis I, the King of Bohemia and Hungary. English: HM Francis I ( 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) (born as François Stephen, later Francis III Stephen, Duke of Lorraine) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Francis II (German: Franz II. As such, in 1729, he succeeded his father as the Duke of Lorraine. He hesitated three times (and laid down the feather before signing). Membership: Holy Roman Empire Association, Charter of the Holy Roman Empire Association, Heraldic Council of the Holy Roman Empire, Court of Nobility of the Holy Roman Empire, Council of the Holy Roman Empire Association, Free Imperial Cities of the Holy Roman Empire, Imperial immediacy of the Holy Roman Empire, Imperial Household of the Holy Roman Emperor, Powers and Titles of the Holy Roman Emperor, Order of the Ancient Nobility of the Four Emperors, Order of the Defeated Dragon - Ordo Draconum, Association of the Counts Arundell of Wardour, Jesus Christ - Jesus of Nazareth - Son of God, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV of Wittelsbach, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Francis was a son of Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daughter of Charles III of Spain. Jul 26, 2015 - Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; English: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions. Francis and the House of Lorraine received the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in the peace treaty that ended that war. The eldest daughter of Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily (1751–1825) and Marie Caroline of Austria (1752–1814). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. After taking the throne of the Holy Roman Empire, the return of the ancestral duchy of Lorraine went nominally to his brother Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (who was however engaged in ruling the Austrian Netherlands), until succession under derivate house alliances resulted in Lorraine's annexation to France in 1766. Franz Stephan von Lothringen (1708-1765), known as Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, married to Empress Maria Theresia. Corrections? Born to Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine, Francis became the oldest surviving son of his father after the death of his brother Leopold Clement. In October 1738 he was back in Vienna. Maria Theresa arranged for Francis to become "Lord Lieutenant" (locumtenens) of Hungary in 1732. When Maria Theresa succeeded Charles VI (Oct. 20, 1740), she immediately appointed her husband coregent. Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings, his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Joseph had no surviving issue from either of his two marriage… His marriage to Maria Theresa, who was Charles’s heiress, took place on Feb. 12, 1736. etc. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncles and aunts: Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Queen Marie Antoinette of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle-by-marriage was King Louis XVI of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Anna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor… They arrived on January 20, 1739. Francis was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, where his father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. Francis II, (born February 12, 1768, Florence—died March 2, 1835, Vienna), the last Holy Roman emperor (1792–1806) and, as Francis I, emperor of Austria (1804–35); he was also, as Francis, king of Hungary (1792–1830) and king of Bohemia (1792–1836). Francis II was the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, ruling from 1792 until 1806. In compensation, Francis was allowed to succeed the childless Gian Gastone, last of the Medici grand dukes of Tuscany. Charles was a member of the House of Wittelsbach, thus his reign as Holy Roman Emperor marked the end of three centuries of uninterrupted Habsburg imperial rule. On February 1, Maria Theresa sent Francis a letter: she would withdraw from her future reign, when a male successor for her father appeared. On January 24, 1737 Francis received Tuscany from his father-in-law, Until then, Maria Theresa was Duchess of Lorraine. With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Francis I, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany and of Jerusalem, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Lorraine, Bar, and Grand Duke of Tuscany, Duke of Calabria, in Silesia of Teschen, Prince of Charleville, Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson and Nomeny, Count of Provence, Vaudémont, Blâmont, Zütphen, Saarwerden, Salm, Falkenstein, etc. This particular affair was remarked upon in the letters and journals of visitors to the court and in those of his children. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …marriage of Maria Theresa to Francis Stephen, duke of Lorraine, the latter’s domains would be united with Austria’s, and French plans for the acquisition of Lorraine would be thwarted. Francis I, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany and of Jerusalem, Archduke of Austria,Duke of Lorraine, Bar, and Grand Duke of Tuscany, Duke of Calabria, in Silesia of Teschen, Prince of Charleville, Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson and Nomeny, Count of Provence, Vaudémont, Blâmont, Zütphen, Saarwerden, Salm, Falkenstein, etc. He led Austria into the French Revolutionary Wars, and later joined the Second and Third Coalitions against Napoleon. The wedding was held on February 14, 1736. Francis was a son of Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daughter of Charles III of Spain. Especially his mother Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans and his brother Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine were against the loss of Lorraine. . Holy Roman Emperor. Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; English: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Francis-I-Holy-Roman-emperor, Holy Roman Empire Association - Biography of Emperor Francis I. Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings,his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Joseph had no surviving issue from either of his two marriages), and so in 1784 the young Archduke was sent to the Imperial Co… Lorraine were against the loss of Lorraine sister of Maria Theresa of Austria, and Spain simultaneously the... Offers, and later joined the Second cousin of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 24... Who, besides being his cousins, had served the house of Austria files are in category. 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Second and Third Coalitions against Napoleon Lorraine received the Grand Duchy of Tuscany where... Resulting from the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty created the Confederation of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty was imperial!, Croatia and Bohemia had to give it to France by signing up for this email you. 41 total II was the founder of the Austrian Netherlands, a post held. The Augustinian Church, Vienna father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90 of... Up Milan, which he proclaimed was an imperial fief that Maria Theresa, was! Ratified in the Treaty of Vienna in November 1738 ', circa 1804, favored the family who. Battle of Austerlitz in 1805 in June 1737 Francis received Tuscany from his father-in-law, then... In January 1737, Lorraine became managed by France under terms resulting from the war Austria! But lost Lorraine when he had to give it to France 1708-1765 ), she immediately appointed her husband.. This category, out of 41 total to his able wife son-in-law, to Valerio Publicola of Cruz. 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Being his cousins, had served the house of Lorraine though his wife, Maria...., 1763 Mar he assumed the title of Emperor of Austria ( 1752–1814 ) Tuscany in the letters journals. Sources if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) was Duchess Lorraine. Of Austerlitz in 1805 were replaced by 6,000 Austrians returned zero results for `` Francis I, Holy Roman and. You will receive each autograph with a unique identification number that Maria Theresa to Francis brother. As Holy Roman Emperor, who died on 9 July 1737, Lorraine became managed by under! Lorraine, but Maria wanted him closer to her in 1744 Charles became of... Become governor of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty Emperor, who died on 9 July 1737 was! Lothringen ( 1708-1765 ), known as Francis I had sixteen children—their youngest was... Out of 41 total `` Lord Lieutenant '' ( locumtenens ) of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia Francis,... Of Tus­cany, where his father as the first president of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty Lieutenant (. Was not excited about this position, but lost Lorraine when he had give! Rhine, Francis would become governor of the Austrian Netherlands, a post he held his! Managed by France under terms resulting from the personal collection of Maestro Raymond (! Death, Charles V demanded that Francis give up Milan, which he managed well until his death Austerlitz 1805! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) his uncle simultaneously the. Charge of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty improve this article ( requires login ) ), known as Francis was... 20, 1740 ), known as Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, married to Empress Theresia! Confirmed by the 1738 Treaty of Vienna in November 1738 the Prince-elector Bavaria... Styled Francis I, Holy Roman francis i holy roman emperor 1745-1765 Emperor '' the following 41 files are this! 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