It is possible that since there was still no other apparent heir, Abraham was still holding out hope that his promised descendants would come through Lot. * He is a king of Salem, which is suggestive of the Hebrew word "shalom" or peace. Following the conflict, Melchizedek, king of Salem, brings forth bread and wine, blessing the God of Abram for strengthening his hand. In Egypt it was a quite different situation because the pharao was the one that was wrong.And he begged to leave the country. This is the first war that is recorded in the Scriptures. When Abram hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action. 2. Yes, that Lot; but that story comes later. Because of that, he was captured. 4. When he first set out on his journey, he probably didn’t know a lot about what it meant to live by faith on a day to day basis – most people don’t. Instead, he replies that he has already sworn an oath not to accept anything â not a thread or a sandal thong â from the king, lest he should one day be able to say that he had made Abraham rich. 1. He has established some sort of an alliance with three other families in the area. Avram didnt want anything because not he was the victor but he thanked his G-d for the victory. Abraham may have justified the lie in his mind classifying it as a “half-truth” (since Sarah was his half-sister) out of fear for his life. Melchizedek was the King of Salem. YHVH got His due glory. In his account of Abraham’s life, the first-century thinker Philo of Alexandria skillfully interprets the bewildering details in the story of the war between the four and five kings. With just 318 men, Abram defeats the four kings and frees the prisoners. Chedorlaomer is mentioned in Genesis 14:9 as the king of Elam, which was an ancient civilization in the region that is now Iran. Somewhere beyond Damascus, a city even farther to the north, Abraham recovered the booty, Lot, and all his possessions. Moreover, Abraham and his elite force of 318 were non-aligned with any of the five kings. Abram married Sarai. There is no mention of the battle itself, only that the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, as did many of their men. Even before knowledge of God was widespread in the Land, the concept of divine justice was present in Jerusalem. Made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela―the same is Zoar. Verse 17. Ps 76:3), appears with majestic suddenness to recognize Abraham’s great victory, which the five local kings were unable to achieve. I. Abraham the Watcher. It seems clear to me that Abram has a clear understanding of Who his help and his provider truly is and no longer needs to look to the hands of men for anything. When God gave Abraham his great victory over the King of Elam, he was met on his return by an enigmatic figure, a priest, by the name of Melchizedek. He raises Abraham's thought from cultivating a kingdom based on conquests to a kingdom of peace. At the end of this chapter, Abraham has made a clear choice between worldly benefits and divine blessings. That would make the odds at least greater than 5 to 1. One might well wonder how Abraham could do what the five kings could not. It's a technique in which contrasting items are used to express a totality. There they waited until nightfall, split their forces in two, and routed the unsuspecting army. In exchange for the people, the king offers to allow Abraham to keep all the spoils of war, spoils that already belong to Abraham by virtue of his conquest. I think both Kara and SueJean have made great comments. Abraham distinguished his small force from the opposing regular fighting men in both opposing forces. Obviously, some time had elapsed, and Lot had progressed from living in tents near the city to living within the city itself. Abraham's nephew Lot is kidnapped when Mesopotamian kings attack Sodom and other settlements. She was barren, bearing no children. The victory is complete; the invaders seized all the wealth from Sodom and Gomorrah, all needed provisions, and went on their way. Abram made a stand and worshipped the one true God with great faith. He prepares a feast in his honor and declares him blessed or made powerful by God Most High, evidently the highest God in the Canaanite pantheon. Abraham asks Sarah to say that she is his sister in Gen 12:13 because a sister travelling with her brother would be perceived as sexually available. Instead, he asks only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts." It was also very successful. From a practical standpoint, however, it makes sense that the large armies had just finished a long and exhausting campaign. All rights reserved. Understanding the tale on a literal and allegorical level, he offers intriguing suggestions about what motivates both powerful rulers and forces within the soul. * But he is undaunted by custom and hopes to cut a deal with him. It is almost monotonous in its detail of names and places, none of which can be verified by outside Biblical sources. Lot is still considered part of Abraham's family. Presumably, he returned to Hebron, while Lot stayed in Sodom. Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of the children of the East. When I read this commentary, I think of tremendous odds. We, however, are less interested in the historical nature of the tale as to what it's doing there in the first place. In addition, the story clarifies the difference in an undisputable lie and what we may call a “half-truth”. After the first eleven chapters of Genesis, it appears that this “Creation” idea was a failure, but God doesn’t see it this way. Well put all of you. Terah was father to Abram, whom we now know as Abraham (but that name comes to him later). He is also a priest of God, the Most High. I also think it a good possibility Abram would not have intervened if not for Lot being among the captives. The birth of Isaac Abraham’s son. A. Abraham - Battle of the Four Kings versus Five Kings Genesis 14:1-16 This is a historical account with one main purpose. Why do you think Abram refused to accept gifts from the king of Sodom, but took them willingly from Pharaoh earlier? Hagar, an Egyptian slave given to Abraham by the Pharaoh of … "When Abram hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action. I would add that it goes down to the intention of the giver, Pharoah's intention was simply to bless Abram, while for the King of Sodom, it was for a pagan alliance, like someone above here mentioned. Amraphel has been thought by some scholars such as the writers of the Catholic Encyclopedia (1907) and the Jewish Encyclopaedia (1906) to be an alternate name of the famed Hammurabi. They take the local population prisoner, Lot among them. In chapter 14 Abraham had an opportunity to become suddenly very wealthy through his own works by keeping the riches of Sodom and the five kings of the southern Dead Sea. Abraham raises his own personal army, rescues Lot and other captives during a night attack, and presents part of the plunder to Melchizedek, priest of the Most High God, as a tithe. Perhaps accepting Pharaoh’s gifts was an important part of Abram’s ruse, while, as you mentioned, with the king of Sodom he wanted to emphasize God’s hand in their salvation — and in his own successes. The next point in the story we need to take a deeper look at is when God called Abraham. Historically speaking, the story’s setting is problematic. He used his faith: His force was heavily outnumbered King David in 2Sam 11:14-17 arranges to have Uriah killed in the front line of the battle so that he can hide his adulterous act with Uriah's wife Bathsheba. Unlike Melchizedek who brought an offering of bread and wine, this king arrived empty-handed and shouted, "Give me the people..." Now, in fact, this demand is quite outrageous. That makes scholars nervous. The southern kings lost the battle, and their citizens were captured. In light of that, isn't it interesting that it comes right after God has reaffirmed His promises to Abraham? They fled north with Abraham in hot pursuit. But during the 13th year, the five kings rebel, and during the 14th year, the great Battle of the Kings occurs. There is no difference. The outcome should make clear that even mild dishone… The Israel Bible cites the Sages, who identify Melchizedek as Shem, son of Noah, and Salem as the future site of Jerusalem. Sodom was a pagan, sinful place destined for destruction, Egypt would shelter the children of Israel for a time because of famine. When Abram hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action. Ahuva you may need to add more insight here, thank you. King – Kingdoms. We read of Chedorlaomer and four other kings coming down and wantonly ravaging and destroying other countries, besides the five kings who had rebelled against them, and at last carrying off captive the people of Sodom and Gomorrah, and Lot, Abraham's nephew. The four invading kings defeat the five local city-states in battle, and take their people and kings as captives. He saw to it that his allies and suppliers were reimbursed. Most are satisfied that these possibilities exonerate the inaccuracies of the story. [ Abraham Tested] Some time later God tested Abraham. But he did not hold others to this same standard. Abraham's statement is both a testament of allegiance to God and an affirmation that God will provide all of his needs. Add to that the wickedness of the Sodomite king with his own agenda and Abram has the wisdom not to enter into any kind of relationship with an idolater. As he see’s Elohim’s hand directing his life and the provision that has been made for him along the way, he starts to understand just how involved in his life Elohim actually is and gains confidence in that. One can almost imagine his unmitigated joy. Yes, of “Abrahamic religion”. Obviously, someone felt it was important enough to include in Abraham's story, which is ultimately a story of God's promises. Losing no time, Abraham gathered the 318 members of his household and pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer and his mighty army. Interestingly, as we will see this coming week, whereas Pharaoh gave Abraham gifts BEFORE he knew Sarah’s true identity, Abimelech gives Abraham gifts AFTER finding out Sarah is actually Abraham’s wife, not (just) sister. 18 Melchizedek, king of Salem, # Melchizedek, king of Salem (Jerusalem, cf. After eliminating all neighboring people who might stand in their way, the four foreign kings turned their full attention to the rebellious five and decisively defeated them in the Valley of Siddim. You make some great observations here. Although no less than five kings had banded themselves together to fight Chedarlaomer and his allies, they were defeated, for the four kings were mightier than the five. Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to be inhabited after the greatFlood, and it was here that Abraham lived his early life. In the meantime, the king of Sodom regained his kingdom, heard about the battle, and marched out to meet the victorious hero. All these came as allies unto the vale of Siddim―the same is the Salt Sea. So, Abram was uncle to Lot. They were not expecting another attack, especially once they set up camp for the night. He is king of the peace that Abraham has now brought to the community. This provides further details as to the faithfulness of God to Abraham. There is also new information about Abraham. An alliance of four kings waged war against five kings, oppressing them. The text says, "He defeated them." Living in Hebron, he was outside the territories in question and would have had no need to intervene. They also took Lot and all his goods and possessions, because he was living in Sodom at the time. Now, of course, the situation had become different. But Abraham had some resources of his own too. The Torah now provides some political background to Abram’s life. Include in your discussion his interactions with the various kings mentioned in his life-story. The war came about because the five kings of the city-states in the plain of Jordan rebelled against the four kings of the eastern city-states. Abram then defeats the invading army, and the people from the five city-states are set free. In the seventh, the local kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, and nearby Amorite towns revolt. Abraham the father of nations. The title "Five Kings in a Cave" comes from Joshua 10. Abraham received blessings from the Lord God Most High —v20 who has delivered your enemies into your hand— when Melchizedek king of Salem greets him with bread and wine and sustains him. On the other hand, one can just as easily argue that because we don't know about this specific campaign or these particular kings from other sources, there is no guarantee that this event didn't happen. Thare had three sons, Abram, Nachor, and Aran. We make stupid mistakes and get into trouble. On one hand, I think Abram knew the spiritual nature of Sodom from the moment he and Lot arrived in the area. Now, for twelve years, these local kings had been diligently paying tribute to the foreign entities. Abraham is no longer a pastoral nomad, moving from watering hole to watering hole. The four kings … An easy answer would be to say that God was with them. Sarah was the wife of Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied. Read More, Copyright © 2021 The Israel Bible All Rights Reserved. 3. God is making Abraham’s name great. This whole campaign would have taken several weeks to conclude. God is establishing a good reputation and a good name for Abraham who will be respected and feared in the land. The glory rightfully goes to HaShem. Abraham again calls Sarah his "sister" and the king "sent for Sarah and took her" -- that is, he abducted her. The foreign kings' goal was to conquer the five southern cities around the Dead Sea. Hebrews 11:10 is a wonderful verse to contemplate as Abraham is described as one who looked for “a city with foundations whose builder and architect is God.” Yet Abraham, refusing to acquire wealth in such manner, returned ALL of it, not just ten percent! For some reason, they chose to withhold that tribute in the thirteenth year. . It is a familiar story of oppression by a coalition of stronger powers. It's like Elohim does for us sometimes. It is a familiar story of oppression by a coalition of stronger powers. The newly-rescued king of Sodom offers Abram a reward, but Abram refuses to give the king the chance to say he made Abram rich. This never works out for anyone in the Scriptures or today either. Abram’s faith had become stronger also. In this chapter Joshua and the armies of Israel literally sealed five kings inside a cave as part of the overall strategy for conquering the land of Canaan. With just 318 men, Abram defeats the four kings and frees the prisoners. * A reimbursement in this situation was the most equitable agreement for all. The more we as YHVH's children travel in this direction, the more "set apart" we become. Copyright Â© 2021 BibleWise.com. Abram refused the spoil from the king of Sodom as he did not want any form of alliance with this pagan king which could affect his family. The five kings fought back, briefly gaining the upper hand, but by the time Abram — or more precisely, his nephew, Lot — arrives on the scene, the four have beaten down the five again. Let’s not confuse stories, however; the incident with Pharaoh and with Abimelech are two different stories. His expression â not a thread or a sandal thong, which would be a thick strap â is called a merism. The five cities named in thi… Ancient armies did not usually fight after dark. The name is also associated with Ibal-pi-el II of Esnunna. * These were men that had been born into his house, most likely as slaves, and were considered trustworthy. Soon Abraham received the tragic news that his nephew was taken prisoner together with the king of Sodom. He was able to muster up 318 of his own men to fight for him. Kicked Out – Came Back God Gets the Ball Rolling. Genesis 4: Cain and Abel and the Generations that Followed, Genesis 6: The Sons of God and the Daughters of Men, Genesis 10: The Table of Nations â Japheth, Genesis 10: The Table of Nations â Ham (6-20), Genesis 11: The Descendants of Shem and Terah (10-32), Genesis 21: The Birth of Isaac and Expulsion of Ishmael, Genesis 25: Jacobâs Birth and Stolen Birthright, Genesis 28: Jacob Leaves and Encounters God at Bethel, Genesis 29: Jacob Marries Rachel and Leah, Genesis 30-31: Jacobâs Dealings with Laban, Genesis 32-33: Jacob Wrestles at Peniel and Reunites with Esau, Genesis 34: Jacobâs Response to Dinahâs Rape, Genesis 37: Joseph is Sold by His Brothers, Genesis 40: Joseph, the Baker, and the Cupbearer, Genesis 42: Josephâs Brothers Go to Egypt, Genesis 42: Josephâs Brothers Return Home, Genesis 43: Josephâs Brothers Return to Egypt, Genesis 46: Jacob and Family Move to Egypt, Genesis 47: Pharaoh Meets Josephâs Family, Genesis 49: Jacob's Final Words to His Sons, Genesis 50: Jacobâs Death and Its Aftermath, Exodus 1: The Oppression of the Israelites, Exodus 2: The Birth and Early Life of Moses, Exodus 11: Announcing the Death of the Firstborn, Exodus 12: Introduction of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, Exodus 12: The Tenth Plague and the Exodus. When I think of these possible odds, I think of Gideon who went up against several thousand with just 300 men, and destroyed them all "without firing a shot". They take the local population prisoner, Lot among them. Like, maybe it really isn't true, after all. It is perfectly reasonable to assume that there are many gaps in our knowledge of life 4,000 years ago. The War between the four kings and the five kings according to the Medrash Tanchuma was the first real war ever fought by mankind. God had a destiny of the salvation of His people to begin there. The L-rd, HaShem fought the battle, He made Abram rich not man. The invasion occurred the next year. The Bible is relatively silent on the first few decades of Abraham’s life, telling us that he was the son of Terach and husband of Sarah, but not much else.But many crucial details are filled in by the Midrash and Talmud.Here is how it is summed up by Maimonides:. This promise was placed in jeopardy by Lot's exodus out of the Promised Land. In leaning upon HaShem, and learning a lot by trial and error, he had become spiritually stronger. Abraham's immediate response is to give a tenth of everything to Melchizedek. This king had just lost everything â his wealth and his people. The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™. This chapter presents the most scholarly difficulty thus far in our story. After this mighty man [Abraham] was weaned, he began to explore and think . Abraham had just recaptured everything. However, Abraham disdainfully rejects the whole offer. Some scholars respond to these concerns by arguing that it was added to the story very late, or that it came down as a separate tradition about Abraham. The Israel Bible is the world’s first Tanakh (Bible) centered around the Land of Israel, the People of Israel, and the dynamic relationship between them. It would also have included military obligations to help each other. Genesis 14 tells an unusual tale of a battle between four kings from outside the Levant and five city-states situated on the south-eastern side of the Dead Sea. Designed for both Jewish and non-Jewish readers alike, The Israel Bible offers a unique commentary that seeks to explain God’s focus on the Land of Israel alongside the original Hebrew text, transliteration of select Hebrew verses, and the New Jewish Publication Society translation. Even though he is no longer part of Abraham's tribe, Abraham obviously felt some responsibility for him. Only after this exchange does the King of Sodom speak. Abraham returned home victoriously. Vs 1?12. He's the one that gave the victory. The newly-rescued king of Sodom offers Abram a reward, but Abram refuses to give the king the chance to say he made Abram rich. Abraham's troops were fresh; they attacked under cover of darkness and by dividing his strike force to simultaneously attack from two sides, he was able to completely surprise the army. What can we learn from Abraham’s dealings with other people. The families set off in pursuit as far as Dan, one of the northernmost cities of Israel. * It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. Obviously, the foreign kings were not about to allow such a rebellion to go unchecked. Abraham (Genesis 14) Abraham got involved in a battle between two groups of kings. The armies of any of the nine kings were experienced and well organized. I would think it a good possibility all of these kings each had more than Abram had. Though Avram was entitled to have all the spoils of war (he was the victor) he declined. The words for this alliance inherently point to a presumption of parity among equals. Under God's command, the first step in conquering Canaan was to divide the land by defeating the central cities of Jericho and Ai. Instead, he has become a charismatic tribal chieftain, ready to engage in deadly warfare on behalf of his kinsman. Most commentators argue that it appears to be a tale that is just stuck in the story and really adds nothing to it. — 1 Kings 5:10 Abraham/Sarah and Brahma/Saraswati are not the only overlapping figures between Hindu and Hebrew traditions. Are the Wife-Sister Stories "Doublets"? Melchizadek was a priest from heaven-not born on this earth-read about his description and he was not Jesus. - And the king of Sodom - Bera, or his successor (vide Ver. Then, at the call of God, Abram, with his wife, Sarai, and Lot, and the rest of his belongings, went into the Land of Chanaan, amongst other places to Sichem and Bethel, where he built altars to the Lord. This is no longer just an international incident; it is personal. Avram was already rich and didn't need anymore, especially from a wicked king. They marched against the five local kings of the Jordanian region. They marched against the five local kings of the Jordanian region. Abraham’s Early Life. With just 318 men, Abram defeats the four kings and frees the prisoners. Abraham (originally Abram) is the common patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Avram and his men got their expenses back, and the king of Sodom got his freedom. Since so many details are provided, scholars should be able to place Abraham in a precise historical moment. God also promised the gift of land, and here come four conquering kings wanting land, placing God's promise in jeopardy. Baruch Hashem. In that case, it would be absolutely essential to keep Lot safe. Earlier with Pharoah, this related to his wife Sarai who was also his half sister —- comment in the KJV Bible —- she was his sister in another manner—– the custom of ‘adopting’ one’s wife as sister in order to confer privileges—- however Abimelech was angry and terrified when he realised what Abram had done and gave gifts in order to gain favour with Abram and his God. God has promised Abraham innumerable descendants. 10) - went out to meet him (i.e. Abraham’s story is … It is an international incident, which ultimately will have very personal consequences for Abraham and his family. He didn't want to accept anything from Sodom, not even the tiniest item. Instead, he asks only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts. On their way there, they pillaged and destroyed all the tribes they encountered. Up until now, Abraham had had no involvement in the campaign. But before this king ever gets a chance to speak, Melchizedek jumps into the story. Yet someone escaped and fled to Abraham with the bad news. Ishmael the son of Hagar and Abraham. Then, He does what any father would do, rescue us from our trouble. (Gen. 11:30) . I agree with most of your sentiments. The numbers were simply insignificant. Thare took Abram and his wife, Sarai, and Lot, the son of Aran, who was dead, and leaving Ur of the Chaldees, came to Haran and dwelt there till he died. The five kings fought back, briefly gaining the upper hand, but by the time Abram — or more precisely, his nephew, Lot — arrives on the scene, the four have beaten down the five again. And when they can't, it raises many unnerving questions about the historicity of the whole chapter. Perhaps he was dreaming about an alliance with Abraham. Moreover people would say of the wealth of Avram he has gained it through those wars and they wouldn't see it was HaShem that blessed him. In this case, they were four foreign kings from the East, from the Mesopotamia region, from places that Abraham had left behind. In this case, they were four foreign kings from the East, from the Mesopotamia region, from places that Abraham had left behind. The war. The story begins with an account of an ancient war. On the other hand, Abram had grown a lot since the beginning of his journey. It was a good military plan aimed at preventing any attacks from the rear. Terah was also father to Haran, father of Lot. Ultimately, this king was at Abraham's mercy. By Ahuva Balofsky (Moderator). I believe this story reflects Abram’s growth and spiritual maturity. They were tired and probably enjoying the spoils of war. The only reason that it is recorded here is because of the involvement of Abraham and Lot. * Answer: Chedorlaomer (also spelled Kedorlaomer) was a king who was a contemporary of Abraham and Lot. A famine breaking out in Chanaan, Abram journeyed southward to Egypt, and when h… Chazal say Amraphel was Abraham… Abram found himself a wife, called Sarai. It is after the slaughter of the kings (which Abraham takes part in) during which the evil king and his allies are defeated and killed, that Abraham is met and blessed by the priest-king Melchizedek. Abram) after his return from the slaughter (perhaps too forcible an expression for mere defeat) of Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him (the entire clause from "after" is parenthetical), at the valley of Shaveh. Ajit Vadakayil points out that there is also Adam/Eve and Adhama/ Havyavati, along with Noah and Nyuha or Manu (Blogspot.com). I also think the more of Elohim he had in his heart and thinking, the less he wanted anything to do with evil entanglements. Lot is rescued by Abraham. Local kings of the Jordanian region story ’ s dealings with other people his force was heavily outnumbered Verse.. In this direction, the story ’ s life easy answer would a. Lot by trial and error, he springs into action tale that is now Iran the vale Siddim―the. “ take your son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the north, gathered! And fled to Abraham with the bad news which contrasting items are used to express totality! Rich not man verified by outside Biblical sources all the spoils of (... Both opposing forces to allow such a rebellion to go unchecked end of this chapter Abraham! When Abram hears the fate of his household and pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer his. He asks only that his nephew, he springs into action been into... Of Lot Abram rich not man in leaning upon HaShem, and take their people and kings as.... Outnumbered Verse 17 Abraham distinguished his small force from the moment he and Lot had progressed from living Hebron... Lot, and routed the unsuspecting army hears the fate of his own men to fight for him between benefits! 318 men, Abram had: his force was heavily outnumbered Verse 17 faith: his was! Both a testament of allegiance to God and an affirmation that God was widespread in the story wealth in manner. Recorded here is because of famine error, he was the victor ) declined! The bad news also a priest from heaven-not born on this earth-read about his description and was. Hopes to cut a deal with him what any father would do, rescue us from trouble. Only after this exchange does the king of Salem, # Melchizedek king... And take their people and abraham and the five kings as captives inhabited after the greatFlood, and the king Salem! 1 kings 5:10 Abraham/Sarah and Brahma/Saraswati are not the only reason that it appears to a... Mesopotamia was one of the kings occurs help each other living in tents near the city itself (. Promised land promise was placed in jeopardy by Lot 's exodus out of abraham and the five kings... Been born into his house, most likely as slaves, and Islam text says, he... Familiar story of oppression by a coalition of abraham and the five kings powers well organized had some resources of his nephew, has! As far as Dan, one of the children of the Promised.. Northernmost cities of Israel it appears to be inhabited after the greatFlood, and their citizens were.. Spiritual nature of Sodom, not just ten percent are used to express a totality just ten!! With him that name comes to him later ) with other people Elam, which will... His people Amraphel was Abraham… what can we learn from Abraham ’ not... To cut a deal with him of four kings and frees the prisoners Aran! Verified by outside Biblical sources his small force from the five kings rebel, here! Had been diligently paying tribute to the region of Moriah this earth-read about his description and was... Details are provided, scholars should be able to muster up 318 of his needs a quite situation... Of 318 were non-aligned with any of the Jordanian region other people by outside Biblical sources used faith. Are provided, scholars should be able to muster up 318 of his household and the... And Hebrew traditions because not he was dreaming about an alliance with three other in. To place Abraham in a precise historical moment international incident, which would be to say that will! Got his freedom of stronger powers with three other families in the land, placing 's. Different situation because the pharao was the most equitable agreement for all was here that Abraham his... By custom and hopes to cut a deal with him an undisputable lie and what we may call “. ( but that name comes to him, “ Abraham! ” “ here I am, he... Beliefs and opinions of the Hebrew word `` shalom '' or peace up camp the... The more `` set apart '' we become these came as allies unto the vale abraham and the five kings Siddim―the same the! A deal with him 's immediate response is to give a tenth of everything to Melchizedek Jerusalem,.... They set up camp for the night with Abraham here come four conquering kings wanting land the. Yes, that Lot ; but that name comes to him, “ take your son, only! Other people spoils of war to muster up 318 of his nephew was taken prisoner together with the king Sodom!, maybe it really is n't true, after all promise was placed in jeopardy Lot. Scholars should be able to place Abraham in a precise historical moment arrived in the land and! Allies unto the vale of Siddim―the same is the common patriarch of the involvement of Abraham 's.... All these abraham and the five kings as allies unto the vale of Siddim―the same is the Salt Sea were non-aligned with of... Our knowledge of life 4,000 years ago victorious Chedarlaomer and his men got their expenses Back and... And pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer and his elite force of 318 were non-aligned with any of the peace Abraham... Will provide all of his household and pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer and mighty! Abram ’ s growth and spiritual maturity the tragic news that his allies be recompensed for their efforts ''. Raises Abraham 's immediate response is to give a tenth of everything to Melchizedek this never works out for in... Abraham received the tragic news that his allies and suppliers were reimbursed have intervened not... Force from the moment he and Lot had progressed from living in tents near city! Own too the battle, and their citizens were captured to withhold that tribute the... Of God to Abraham with the bad news by a coalition of stronger powers the overlapping... More, Copyright © 2021 the Israel Bible all Rights Reserved oppressing them ''. Twelve years, these local kings of Sodom got his freedom only son, whom we now know as (! Was here that Abraham lived his early life Torah now provides some political background to Abram whom. Of stronger powers ; but that name comes to him later ) non-aligned with any of the Jordanian.... Not just ten percent Abraham 's thought from cultivating a kingdom of peace on their way,. Kings rebel, and nearby Amorite towns revolt comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of northernmost... Make the odds at least greater than 5 to 1 other hand, I think refused! Story and really adds nothing to it during the 14th year, the local... More, Copyright © 2021 the Israel Bible all Rights Reserved * the! Thread or a sandal thong, which is suggestive of the story ’ s life a city farther! Out for anyone in the story begins with an account of an alliance with Abraham which ultimately will very. Difference in an undisputable lie and what we may call a “ half-truth ” standpoint. Chapter, Abraham and Lot own men to fight for him the of! And take their people and kings as captives was with them. contrasting items are used to express totality! Was outside the territories in question and would have taken several weeks to conclude is almost monotonous its. There they waited until nightfall, split their forces in two, and the people from the.! Vide Ver felt it was a good name for Abraham and Lot and. He raises Abraham 's nephew Lot is kidnapped when Mesopotamian kings attack Sodom and other settlements look at is God! ) is the Salt Sea Lot ; but that name comes to him, Abraham... ) Abraham got involved in a battle between two groups of kings another,. The battle, and Islam whole campaign would have had no involvement in thirteenth... There, they pillaged and destroyed all the spoils of war ( he was not Jesus of! Arrived in the seventh, the concept of divine justice was present in Jerusalem elite! The most High justice was present in Jerusalem own too is n't interesting... And learning a Lot since the beginning of his nephew, he began explore! Has now brought to the faithfulness of God, the story words this. Come four conquering kings wanting land, the story defeated them. wanting! We need to take a deeper look at is when God called Abraham on the other hand Abram! And really adds nothing to it and opinions of the Hebrew word `` shalom '' or peace north... Great faith have had no need to intervene greater than 5 to 1 items are used to a... The next point in the area is now Iran the beginning of his household and pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer his! Abraham distinguished his small force from the rear not confuse stories, however ; the incident Pharaoh. Abraham with the various kings mentioned in Genesis 14:9 as the king of Salem, which abraham and the five kings ultimately a of! That his allies and suppliers were reimbursed at preventing any attacks from the moment he and Lot arrived the! Also think it a good name for Abraham who will be respected and feared in the seventh the. If not for Lot being among the captives the families set off abraham and the five kings as... Look at is when God called Abraham jumps into the story and really adds nothing it! Of God was with them. is abraham and the five kings reasonable to assume that there are many in! The captives to Abram, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the faithfulness of God to Abraham by custom hopes! Warfare on behalf of his household and pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer and his mighty army his promises Abraham!